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We all read about different human beings having different ability some are sharp or low

intelligence, tall or short. What cause these difference? What are the reasons behind this?

Geneticists are those who study about the the genetic, science behind the genes , heredity

and variations in organisms. Study the inheritance of traits focusing on a molecular,

organism, or population level, Conduct experiments to determine the origin, mechanisms,

and laws of inherited traits, Analyzing determinants responsible for specific traits to

understand the relationships between hereditary and factors such as fertility and maturity,

Treating patients who have a genetic disorder, Trying to understand how certain

environmental factors interact with genes to cause illness or disease.


We are survival machines - robot vehicles blindly programmed to preserve the selfish molecules known as genes. This is a truth which still fills me with astonishment.

- Richard Dawkins


Who is a Geneticist ?

  • Genetics is a subset in biology where genes, heredity, mutation , genetic variation and the roles of genetics in aging and disease is studied.

  • There are also several branches of genetics. A person who studies genetics is known as a geneticist while an environmental geneticist studies how environmental factors interact with genes to cause the various diseases or the adaptation of species to it.

  • They evaluate, diagnose, and manage patients with hereditary conditions or congenital malformations, genetic risk calculations, and mutation analysis, as well as refer patients to other medical specialists.

  • The geneticist carries out studies, tests and counsels patients with genetic disorders.

What are the qualifications needed to become a Geneticists?

  • The applicant who want to pursue a career as a Geneticist must first complete their intermediate studies in Science with Biology as one of the main subjects.

  • After passing 10+2, students must have a grade point average of 60-65 per cent in order to be accepted into a good institution and complete a three-year.

  • He must then opt for higher education in a relevant discipline like genetics or medicine.

  • The candidate must also have some work experience before applying for the post of a Geneticist.

What stream is best/suitable/relevant to be a geneticists?

  • To become Geneticists one must have a science stream such as biology, chemistry, physics, microbiology, cell biology, bioinformatics, and mathematics.

  • They also participate in more specific genetics courses such as molecular genetics, transmission genetics, population genetics, quantitative genetics, ecological genetics, and genomics.

Which Course will be best for geneticists?

  • B. Tech. in Genetic Engineering - 4 years

  • B.Sc. in Genetics - 3 years

  • B.Sc. Biology - 3 years

  • M.Sc. Genetics - 2 years

  • M.Sc. Genetics & Plant Breeding - 2 years

  • Ph.D. in Human Genetics - 3-5years

  • M.Sc Biology - 3 years

What are the top universities in India to study geneticists?

  • The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore

  • Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

  • Bangalore City College, Bangalore

  • Institute of Genetic Engineering, Kolkata

  • Bangalore City College, Bangalore

  • Institute of Genetic Engineering, Kolkata

  • Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra

  • University of Calicut, Calicut

What are the top universities out of India/Abroad to study geneticists?

  • University of Oxford

  • University of Cambridge

  • University College London

  • Imperial College, London

  • University of Edinburgh

  • Western University, Canada

  • The University of York, UK

  • Curtin University, Australia

What are the entrance exams for geneticists?

  • Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)

  • All India Engineering Entrance Exams

  • All India Postgraduate Medical Entrance exams

  • International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Entrance

Which skills required to be a geneticist?

To work as a geneticist, you must possess a number of important skills. The

following are some abilities required for a job as a geneticist.

  • Analytical skills

  • Perseverance

  • Critical-thinking Skills

  • Problem-solving Skills

  • Interpersonal Skills

  • Time-management Skills

  • Mathematic Skills

  • Communication Skills

Which type of personality is best for a geneticist?

The top personality traits of geneticists are conscientiousness and openness.

Geneticists score highly on conscientiousness, which means that they are

methodical, reliable, and generally plan out things in advance.

What are the professions available as a geneticist?

  • Clinical Molecular Geneticist

  • Geneticist

  • Research Specialist

  • Genetic Counselor

  • Science Writer

  • Genetics Analyst

  • Medical Technologist

  • Research Computational Biologist

  • Assistant Research Professor

  • Clinical Pharmacologists

What are the pros & cons / Advantage & disadvantage of working as a geneticist?


  • Direct-to-consumer genetic testing promotes awareness of genetic diseases.

  • It provides personalized information about your health, disease risk, and other

  • traits.

  • It may help you be more proactive about your health.

  • It does not require approval from a healthcare provider or health insurance

  • company.


  • Testing may increase your stress and anxiety.

  • Results in some cases may return inconclusive or uncertain.

  • Negative impact on family and personal relationships.

  • You might not be eligible if you do not fit certain criteria required for testing.


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